Ijma'

The third source of Islamic law is ijma'; it is a secondary source of Islamic law. Others secondary sources include 'Urf, Qiyas etc. Unlike the Qur'an and the Sunnah, ijma' does not directly partake in the divine revelation. As a principle and evidence of Islamic law, ijma' is a rational evidence and binding proof. Literally, ijma' is the verbal noun of the Arabic word ajma'a which means, "to determine and to agree upon something". Technically, ijma' is defined by Al-'Amidi as the unanimous agreement of the mujtahidin of the Muslim community of any period following the demise of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) on any matter. This definition includes the agreement on all matters pertaining to Islam whether they are in relation to belief or moral, or legal matters


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