Beebee Salma Sairally

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In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. One of the recurring discussions about Islamic finance deliberates on the way forward for the industry. The objective is to spread the Islamic finance proposition as a preferred mode of banking…

Journal (English)


In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Worldwide, conferences on Islamic finance keep growing to tackle the many faces, opportunities and challenges of Islamic finance. International fora such as the World Islamic Banking Conference (WIBC) (Bahrain), ISRA’s International…

Journal (English)

Islamic Finance and Sustainable and Responsible Investment (SRI): An Ethical Dimension

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The immoral behaviour of some conventional bankers in the lead-up to the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008 focused public attention on the social costs of marginalizing ethical considerations in the financial system. Islamic finance garnered substantial positive publicity…

Research Paper

Instruments for Meeting Capital Adequacy Requirements under Basel III: 183 A Shari’ah Perspective

The Basel III regulatory framework has set out new capital and liquidity standards for banking institutions. In particular, Basel III has increased the minimum capital levels to be maintained by banks and redefined the criteria for qualifying regulatory capital instruments…

Journal (English)

(Amend) Sovereign Wealth Funds in Muslim Contries [Journal of Islamic Business and Management (JIBM)]

Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) have been growing in number and size over the years, in both Muslim and non-Muslim countries.  Their  importance  in  terms  of  potential  impact  on  the economic,  social  and  political  fronts  of  both  the  home  countries  (managing…


Islamic Banking Structures: Issues, Challenges and Future Directions - A Case Study of Malaysia

Islamic finance is one of the fastest growing segments of the finance industry, and the growth of Islamic banking outpaced that of conventional banking over the past decade (Prasad, 2015). The entire Islamic finance industry has achieved an upward curve…

Research Paper


Protecting the capital of investors through the provision of a third-party guarantee has been practiced in sukuk structuring, including equity-based sukuk (EBS), i.e. musharakah and mudarabah sukuk. The guarantee has been used since the late 1970s, when the modern sukuk…


Additional Tier 1 Capital Instruments under Basel III: A Shariʿah Viewpoint

This research aims to compare the regulatory capital instruments for Islamic banking institutions (IBIs)—in particular the qualifying Additional Tier 1 (AT1) capital instruments—as defined by Basel III, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) and IFSB-15 (issued by the Islamic Financial Services Board).…


Issues and Challenges in Islamic Banking Structures: The Malaysian Experience

Islamic finance operates under varied legal and regulatory frameworks in various jurisdictions that reflect differing regulatory approaches to the introduction and supervision of Islamic banks. This seems logical if viewed from the perspective that the countries where Islamic banks operate…

Journal (English)

Structuring Innovative Tier 2 (T2) Capital Instruments Under Basel Iii: A Sharriah Perspective


Journal (English)

Integrating Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) Factors in Islamic Finance: Towards The Realisation of Maqasid Al-Shari'ah


Journal (English)

Sovereign Wealth Funds in Muslim Countries: Current Developments, Issues and Challenges

Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) represent special purpose investment funds which are set up by governments to achieve macroeconomic purposes such as investing the returns generated from non-renewable commodity exports (e.g. oil and gas) in order to increase savings for future…

Research Paper

The Shari'ah Ruling on Capital Guarantee in a Mudarabah Contract

The Islamic Financial Services Act (IFSA) 2013 provides regulation and supervision for Islamic financial institutions and promotes financial stability and compliance with the Shari'ah. IFSA came into force on 30 June, 2013. It requires Islamic financial institutions to ensure that…

Research Paper

An Appraisal of the Principles Underlying International Financial Reporting Standards: A Shari'ah Perspective - Part 1

The vision of establishing a common set of accounting standards to be used throughout the world has today received the public support of many international organisations, including the G20 countries, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, the Financial…

Research Paper

Instruments for Meeting Capital Adequacy Requirements under Basel III: A Shari'ah Perspective

The Basel III regulatory framework has set out new regulatory capital requirements for banking institutions in order to further strengthen the banking sector’s ability to absorb shocks arising from economic and financial stress. Basel III has increased the minimum capital…

Research Paper

Sukuk: An Introductory Remark - July 2013 - Fatwa in Islamic Finance

ISRA Bloomberg Bulletin Fatwa in Islamic Finance

Instruments for Meeting Capital Adequacy Requirements under Basel III: A Shari’ah Perspective

This study examines the regulatory capital requirements under Basel III and discusses the Shari'ah issues, especially related to subordination, arising in both equity-based and exchange-based contracts when used for structuring Additional Tier-1 and Tier-2 capital instruments.

Journal (English)

Development of Islamic Capital Markets In Offshore Jurisdictions: A Cross-Country Analysis

Offshore Financial Centres (OFCs) are typically small nation states which seek to attract foreign financial capital through numerous incentives. In these jurisdictions, offshore financial services represent the dominant source of economic activity. As the Islamic finance industry is growing and…

Research Paper

A Critical Appraisal Of Shari'ah Issues Related To Sukuk Al-Ijarah

This paper aims to provide a comprehensive study of key Shariah issues associated with two types of sukuk al-ijarah. The first type is sukuk al-ijarah al-muntahiyah bi al-tamlik, i.e. sukuk based on assets that are the subject of lease agreements…

Research Paper

A Critical Appraisal of Shari'ah Issues Related to Sukuk al-Ijarah

This research examines the Shari'ah issues associated with two types of sukuk al-ijarah. The first issue relates to sukuk alijarah al-muntahiyah bi al-tamlik, i.e., sukuk based on assets that are the subject of lease agreements ending in the transfer of ownership back…

Journal (English)

Development of Islamic Capital Markets in Offshore Jurisdictions: A Cross-Country Analysis

It has been observed that a number of jurisdictions are developing their Islamic capital markets by utilising the efficiency provided by Offshore Financial Centres (OFCs) to structure Shari'ah compliant products. While there are a number of research papers discussing mainstream…

Journal (English)