The main objective of this paper is to examine the disputed issues in the cases examined by the Muamalat Court. The study also aims at studying the legal impediments in the current provisions that hamper the growth of mumalat law. The study is divided into five parts. Part 1 is a brief introduction. Historical development of the legal framework is briefly described in Part 2. Part 3 describes the distribution of disputed cases in Islamic finance (IF). Part 4 analyses disputed cases according to the products offered from the structural and legal framework perspectives. In Part 5, the discussion focuses mainly on the pertinent issues raised in the cases analysed. Finally, Part 6 concludes with some recommendations for future research and reforms. Through examining the above, the paper proposes regulatory changes to the existing legal framework to meet the needs of the industry. The paper concentrates on examining the regulation and legal framework of IF in Malaysia. It is supplemented by statistics on products and issues that most affect the market. It is hoped that this effort to examine the challenges will promote the way forward for the IF industry in Malaysia. The paper sheds new light on how challenges to IF in Malaysia’s legal framework can be met in order to lay the foundations for substantial growth.