This publication is part of the journal ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance (English Journal) (2013-1)
The Basel III regulatory framework has set out new capital and liquidity standards for banking institutions. In particular, Basel III has increased the minimum capital levels to be maintained by banks and redefined the criteria for qualifying regulatory capital instruments to be included under Tier-1 (T1) and Tier-2 (T2) capital. The overall objectives of the reforms are to enhance the banking sector’s ability to absorb shocks arising from financial and economic stress and reduce the risk of spillover from the financial sector to the real economy
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